Posts Tagged ‘Evo Morales’

The consolidation of the Latin American Left

Sunday, November 2nd, 2014

[Translation of an article from Carta Maior of São Paulo, Brazil, for October 29, 2014. See original here and related articles here and here.]

by Emir Sader

There has been much talk recently of an eventual end to the cycle of progressive government in Latin America. Real difficulties in countries like Venezuela and Argentina, added to a slowing of the pace of expansion of the region’s economies, have fed these speculations.

This year’s electoral calendar could be a test of the vigor of these governments. The year began with the inauguration of Michele Bachelet in Chile, who defeated Sebastián Piñera. Soon afterward, the Frente Farabundo Martí elected the president of El Salvador. In October Evo Morales was re-elected in the first round of voting. Now Dilma is re-elected and Tabaré Vázquez’s performance in the first round has made him the favorite for continuation of Frente Amplio administrations in Uruguay. (more…)

The conservative restoration in Latin America

Monday, September 8th, 2014

[Translation of an editorial from Página12 of Buenos Aires for September 6, 2014. See original here.]

By Emir Sader

The failure of the military coup against the government of Hugo Chávez in 2002 left the Latin American Right practically disarmed in the face of the proliferating progressive governments of the continent. Since then, it has managed to regain only two governments through bloodless coups – those of Honduras and Paraguay – where the processes of change had not yet managed to gain strength.

But there are signs of a rebuilding of conservative forces in countries on the continent with progressive governments. The threats to continuity in countries like Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina, as well as the problems faced in Venezuela, and, in a different way, even in Ecuador, indicate a phenomenon of this kind.

What do these conservative attacks consist of and how are they carried out? (more…)

Bolivia, her dictators jailed for life

Monday, June 3rd, 2013

[Translation of an opinion piece from La Jornada of Mexico City for May 25, 2013. See original here. Jorge Mansilla Torres is a Bolivian writer]

By Jorge Mansilla Torres

In May, 1995, the Bolivian judicial system sentenced former dictator Luis García Meza to 30 years in prison for his crimes against the people and the state. At the beginning of this century, Peru tried and convicted former dictator Fujimori, as Argentina did with its own bloodthirsty military plunderers.

General Videla was sentenced twice to life in prison and died in the solitude of his cell a few days ago. Now former Guatemalan president Ríos Montt tries sleight of hand against the 80-year sentence handed him for his horrendous crimes of exterminating the Indians. These examples of dignity occur when there is historical memory and when the people take it upon themselves to give up their rancor in exchange for justice being done.

García Meza will be locked away in the high-security prison in Chonchocoro, at an altitude of 3,800 meters in the altiplano of La Paz, until he is 93 years old. With him, in the adjoining cell, is Colonel Luis Arce Gómez, his former minister of the interior, both of them convicted of the assassination of some 500 citizens, of torture and persecution of another 4,000, of at least 90 forced disappearances, of attacks on fiscal resources and of cocaine trafficking from the very presidency of the republic. (more…)

The governments of Latin America after Chávez

Monday, May 6th, 2013

[Translation of an opinion piece from La Jornada of Mexico City for May 5, 2013. See original here.]

By Guillermo Almeyra

From the point of view of governments and institutions, the changes in Latin America brought about by the death of Hugo Chávez are important but not fundamental. The Venezuelan revolutionary process is weaker and its adversaries are therefore stronger, but if the leadership of the state and of the PSUV (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela) are determined, with the support of their bases, to radicalize and deepen transformation of the country, if they reduce waste and improve somewhat the distribution of food and goods, social change could take a new leap forward, since the current moderate recovery in consumption and production in the United States, Venezuela’s principal market, gives certain stability to the price of oil.

This is the basis, on the other hand, of the security offered by the Maduro administration to Cuba, ALBA (Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América — Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America) and the Caribbean against the uproar of the Venezuelan Right about the “giveaway” of oil and financial support to Venezuela’s allies and against the same concessions of this kind that the right-wing Chavistas want to make to the anti-Chavista Right. At the same time, in Brazil, with next year’s elections impending, the Right does not seem to have either a clear candidate or the possibility of winning; the economy is somewhat better and the government enjoys the support of the transnationals, agribusiness and domestic large-scale capital, to which it has made considerable concessions, and it does not face strong social protests. (more…)

Uruguayan President Mujica interviewed: “socialism itself”

Monday, April 9th, 2012

[Translation of an article from Montevideo Portal for April 9, 2012. See original here.]

In an interview on CNN, President Mujica said he “admires” ALBA-style socialism [Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América – Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America] but he declared that it is not the path he would prefer. The president praised the social achievements of Lula and Chávez but made it clear that “this is not building socialism.”

In an interview broadcast on Sunday on the CNN news network, Mujica referred to the changing conditions of the left over time and to the future of socialism in Latin America. (more…)

Bolivia: A government caught between indigenous rejection and support

Tuesday, October 4th, 2011

 

((La Razón photo))

[Translation of an article from La Razón of La Paz, Bolivia, for October 2, 2011.  See original here.]

By Jorge Quispe

“Why the worry? We are going to continue working for this process and we will see who is with us.”  This was the emphatic and certain response of Julia Ramos, executive of the Confederación de Mujeres Campesinas Bartolina Sisa [Bartolina Sisa Confederation of Campesina Women] when she was asked if there is a rift between the government and the indigenous peoples.

Has the indigenous idyll with President Evo Morales broken down?  Five years after taking office in 2006, the head of the Plurinational State is faced with a crisis in his relations with this sector, particularly with those of the Tierras Bajas [the lowlands of eastern Bolivia]. (more…)

Bolivia: Morales signs law which reduces retirement age

Saturday, December 11th, 2010

Efe photo

[Translation of an article from the Venezuelan website TeleSUR for December 10, 2010. See original here.]

Bolivian President Evo Morales on Friday signed the Law on Pensions, the content of which, for the first time in the history of the country, was drawn up by the workers and representatives of social movements. The president declared that the enactment is evidence of the strengthening of democracy the country is experiencing.

“What’s most important to emphasize is that when we workers get together, with our experience and our know-how, our ministers, it is possible to draw up, to propose, to develop a law for the benefit of the Bolivian people,” Morales said in a speech at the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB – Bolivian Workers’ Center) on Friday. (more…)

Defense ministers of America confer in Bolivia

Friday, November 26th, 2010

Evo Morales – Los Tiempos photo

[Translations of articles from the Bolivian government news agency Agencia Boliviana de Información for November 25, 2010,  and Opinión of Cochabamba for November 23, 2010 . See original articles here and here.]

America concludes forum on cooperation, defense and security

by Adalid Cabrera Lemuz and Daniel Espinoza

Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia
– After four days of deliberation in the Bolivian city of Santa Cruz, the defense ministers of the Americas reached agreements to strengthen regional security, devise programs to respond to natural disasters and increase transparency in weapons expenditures.

The Ninth Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas was held from November 22 to 25 with the participation of ministers and high officials of the defense departments of 30 American countries… (more…)

Bolivia will not suspend relations with the United States

Wednesday, June 2nd, 2010

But demands respect for its dignity and sovereignty

[Translation of an article from Agencia Boliviana de Información, the government news agency, for June 1, 2010.]

La Paz, June 1 – Bolivia does not intend to sever diplomatic ties with the United States but demands that the White House respect its national dignity and sovereignty, President Evo Morales Ayma declared on Tuesday.

In a press conference held in the capitol, the president pointed out that since the process of change began in 2006, Bolivia has always worked clearly and transparently in its relations with all the countries of the world, including the United States.

“Previously, the United States changed our ministers and intervened in the internal affairs of Bolivia, but now a relation of respect for the country should be framed in order to move forward with diplomatic relations and economic cooperation,” he said. (more…)

Bolivian Vice President García Linera says unions are trying to overthrow government

Saturday, May 8th, 2010

Central Obrera Boliviana has called for strike over wage increases beginning Monday

[Translation of an article from Opinion of Cochabamba, Bolivia, for May 8, 2010, based on a dispatch from the Spanish news agency Efe.]

Alvaro García Linera

La Paz, May 8 — The administration of Evo Morales has accused Bolivian unions, which have called for a strike for better wages, of being under the influence of the US embassy and domestic rightists, whose aim is to overthrow the president.  Vice President Álvaro García Linera said in a press conference that he rejects the strike being called by the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB – Bolivian Workers’ Federation) because it is a measure being taken to “overthrow governments.”

The COB is calling for a general strike, of indeterminate length, as well as a 200-kilometer march from Caracollo to La Paz, both to begin on Monday.

According to García Linera, the workers’ movement has been infiltrated by persons who want to take advantage of demands for a wage increase greater than  five percent in order to “carry water for the counter-revolutionary right.”

The unions have asked for raises for this year of between 12 and 25 percent, rates the executive has rejected with the argument that they would provoke an historical inflationary spiral similar to the one the country experienced in 1984 and 1985.  (more…)

Bolivian campesinos attacked by landowners

Monday, May 3rd, 2010

[Translation of an article from Brasil de Fato of São Paulo, Brazil for April 30, 2010.]

By Vinícius Mansur

The agricultural communities of Tierra Hermosa and Chirimoyas, located in the province of Velasco in the department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia [near the Brazilian border], were attacked by a group armed with shotguns and rifles and were forced off their land. This is the charge made on Thursday, April 29, by the Movimiento de Trabajadores Campesinos e Indígenas Sin Tierra (MST – Landless Workers and Indigenous Movement) of Bolivia. (more…)

Bolivia: Attorney general charges twelve with torture and assault of campesinos in Sucre

Sunday, May 2nd, 2010

[Translation of an article from Indymedia Bolivia for April 28, 2010.]

The Ministry of the Interior has brought formal charges against at least twelve persons for the crimes of sedition, criminal association, incitement to criminal activity, torture and harassment committed against 60 campesinos on May 28, 2008. The Prefecture of Chuquisaca has responded through a spokesman that the charges are political and are a form of persecution of opponents of the government.

Sixty campesinos from outlying areas of Chuquisaca were beaten and humiliated in the main plaza of Sucre on May 24, 2008. Several were stripped, forced to kneel and to kiss the city flag after their wiphalas [indigenous clothing of the area] were burned, by groups protesting the presence in the city of President Evo Morales. (more…)